Declaration of independence by Major Zia in 27th March, 1971.

Major Ziaur Rahman’s opening words in Bangla, “Ami Major Zia Bolchi”, that is, “I am Major Zia speaking”, were picked up by news agencies, and were given wide publicity across the globe. Ami Major Zia Bolchi were followed by declaration of a sovereign and independent Bangladesh, in these words:

“This is Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra. I, Major Ziaur Rahman, at the direction of Bango Bondhu Mujibur Rahman, hereby declare that the independent People’s Republic of Bangladesh has been established. At his direction, I have taken command as the temporary head of the republic. In the name of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, I call upon all Bengalis to rise against the attack by the west Pakistani Army. WE shall fight to the last to free our motherland. By the grace of Allah, victory is ours. Joy Bangla.”

These words were picked up first by a Japanese ship anchored in Chittagong harbour, and were flashed to the world. News of Zia’s declaration was first broadcast by Radio Australia, and the world at large came to know of birth of Bangladesh.

Liberation War of Bangladesh: NBC News Exclusive.

This is a armature footage during the Liberation War. This video was broad casted by NBC News. Watch this exclusive video which shows Pakistani Military killing Bangladeshis in a field in Dhaka University.

২৬শে মার্চ-স্বাধীনতা দিবস।

আজ ২৬শে মার্চ। বাংলাদেশ মানে আমাদের স্বাধীনতা দিবস। ১৯৭১ সালের এই দিনেই শুরু হয়েছিল আমাদের স্বাধীনতা যুদ্ধ। তার পুর্বের রাত্রে মানে ২৫শে মার্চ পাকিস্তানি হানাদার বাহিনী এই দেশের নিরীহ মানুষের উপর চালিয়েছিল বর্বর হামলা। তারপরের ইতিহাস সবার-ই জানা। আর নতুন করে বলার কিছু নেই।

আজ সেই মহান স্বাধীনতা দিবস। আজ আমরা শ্রদ্ধা ভরে স্মরণ করছি সকল শহীদ-দেরকে যারা দেশের জন্য দিয়ে গেছেন প্রাণ

সবাইকে স্বাধীনতা দিবসের শুভেচ্ছা।

7th March: A historical day for Bangladesh.

March 7, 1971

On 7 March 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered a speech at the Racecourse Ground (now called the Suhrawardy Udyan). In this speech Bangabandhu mentioned a further four-point condition to consider the National Assembly Meeting on 25 March:

1. The immediate lifting of martial law.
2. Immediate withdrawal of all military personnel to their barracks.
3. An inquiry into the loss of life.
4. Immediate transfer of power to the elected representative of the people before the assembly meeting 25 March.

This historical speech still remembered by the people of Bangladesh. And the day is also historical for Bangladeshis.

Martyred Intellectuals’ Day

Martyred Intellectuals’ Day is for the memory of the martyred intellectuals of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War.

On December 14, 1971, only two days before surrendering to the Indian military and the Mukhti Bahini forces, the Pakistan army, with the assistance of local Islamist leaders and groups that chose to ally themselves with the Pakistani military and most notably the Al-Badr and Al-Shams, systematically executed well over 200 of East Pakistan’s intellectuals and scholars. Professors, journalists, doctors, artists, engineers, and writers were rounded up in Dhaka, blindfolded, taken to torture cells in Mirpur, Mohammadpur, Nakhalpara, Rajarbagh and other locations in different sections of the city and executed en masse, most notably at Rayerbazar and Mirpur. Several noted intellectuals who were killed between March 25 and December 16, 1971 in different parts of the country include Dr. G. C. Dev (Philosopher, Professor at DU), Dr. Munir Chowdhury (Litterateur, Dramatist, Professor at DU), Dr. Mofazzal Haider Chowdhury (Litterateur, Professor at DU), Dr. Anawar Pasha (Litterateur, Professor at DU), Dr. Fazle Rabbi (cardiologist), Dr. Alim Chowdhury (ophthalmologist), Shahidullah Kaisar (journalist), Nizamuddin Ahmed (Reporter), Selina Parvin (reporter), Altaf Mahmud (lyricist and musician), Dr. Hobibur Rahman (mathematician, Professor at RU), Dhiren Dutt (politician), R. P. Saha (philanthropist), Lt. Col. Moazzem Hossain (ex-soldier), Mamun Mahmood (Police Officer), and many others. They were killed by the Pakistan Army and/or their collaborators. Even after the official ending of the war on December 16 there were reports of firing from the armed Pakistani soldiers or their collaborators. In one such incident, notable film-maker Jahir Raihan was killed on January 30, 1972 in Mirpur, allegedly by the armed Beharis. In memory of the persons killed, December 14 is mourned in Bangladesh as Shaheed Buddhijibi Dibosh (“Day of the Martyred Intellectuals”).

The nation observes Martyred Intellectuals’ Day today even as it stands at a crossroads of history. For the people of Bangladesh, no sacrifice can be greater in dimension and more profound in substance than the dignified manner in which some of our best men and women were huddled to their death on the eve of the liberation of the country in December 1971. Indeed, the three million Bengalis who died at the hands of the Pakistan occupation army and its local collaborators in the nine months of a do or die war of liberation have left behind an uplifting message for those of us who survived, and for our children and their children: that freedom which comes at a huge price is freedom that needs constant sustenance and succour for it to continue playing its due role in the welfare of those who mean to benefit from it.

Remains of Birshreshtha Hamidur brought home

Remains of Birshreshtha Hamidur Rahman being brought to Bangladesh at Bibir Bazar in Comilla from the Indian state of Tripura yesterday.

The remains of Birshreshtha Hamidur Rahman were brought home yesterday, 36 years after he embraced martyrdom in a battle with Pakistani occupation forces.

Thousands of school students and villagers stood in line on both sides of the 15-kilometre road stretching from Bibir Bazar check post to Comilla town as the remains of the war hero were brought from Tripura, India. They showered Hamidur’s coffin with flowers.

The coffin draped in national flag was brought through the check-post at about 2:50pm.

Hamidur was killed while fighting with Pakistani army on October 28, 1971. His fellow freedom fighters buried him at Hatimarachara village of Tripura.

Later, he was awarded with “Birshreshtha”, the country’s highest gallantry award.

The remains of the 17-year-old freedom fighter were exhumed from the grave on Sunday and handed over to a Bangladesh delegation, reports AP.

His remains will be brought to Dhaka today.

Later, the remains will be taken to National Parade Square where 21 gun salutes will be heralded to pay tribute to the war hero, said a press release of Inter Services Public Relations.

Hamidur’s remains will be buried in state honour at Mirpur Intellectuals’ Graveyard today.

President Iajuddin Ahmed will receive the remains and place floral wreaths on the coffin.